為了共同防控新型冠狀病毒肺炎疫情,學期初教育部發布了延期開學的通知,全國地行“停課不停教,停課不停學”的工作安排,學生在家進行了一個多月的網課學習。假你是光中學的李津,作為參與網課學習的一員,請你向 “China Daily”報紙所開辟的“OnlineTeaching”專欄投稿,就近期的網課學習體驗談談線上教學的利與弊。

內容包括:1. 線上教學的利弊;

2. 個人觀點與看法。

注意事項:1.? 詞數不少于 100 詞;

2. 開頭和結尾已給出,不計入總詞數;

3. 可以適當增加細節,以使行文連貫。參考詞匯:新型冠狀病毒肺炎:COVID19;

Dear Editor,

I’m Li Jin from Chen Guang Middle School.______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Yours sincerely,

Li Jin

 

閱讀短文,按照題目要求用英語回答問題.

As my kids' summer vacation comes to an end, I find myself wanting to spend every moment with them. This past week I've been feeling guilty every time I schedule something that doesn't involve them, so I haven’t been doing much for myself. But the other day, I had a beauty treatment that I'd scheduled for over a month. I was so looking forward to it when I scheduled it, but as it approached I thought about cancelling it.?

As I was leaving home, I told my kids how I was going to miss them and that I would hurry back. My daughter stopped her game, looked up at me and said, ''Oh, Mother, just go. You need to get your mood up again. '' '' Getting your mood up again'' is my daughter's way of telling me to leave home and come back with a better version of myself because it was taking a heavy toll on her too.?

In that one sentence, she was telling me that she noticed I’d been running on fumes(煩惱).? She was letting me know she could feel my moodiness and irritation that stemmed from not taking the time for me because I was trying to so hard to be present for her and her brothers.?

It occurred to me that I'd been neglecting care for myself because I thought my kids should come first. However, in reality, my kids just want me to be happy, even if that happiness means I'm not with them all the time. Our kids would rather have parents who are smiling and feel somewhat rested than spend their days listening to their parents sigh and complain.

1.Why did the author consider cancelling the beauty treatment?? (no more than 12 words)

2.How do you understand the underlined part in paragraph 2?? (no more than 10words)

3.What was the author's problem originally caused by?? (no more than 10 words)

4.What did the author finally realize? (no more than 10 words)

5.What do you learn from the author's story?? (no more than 20 words)

 

??? Humans once opposed coffee and refrigeration. Here’s why we often hate new stuff.

Humans have a habit of deliberately delaying their own progress. From coffee to mechanical refrigeration to genetically altered food, history is littered with innovations that caused resistance before they become fixtures in everyday life. But the past 600 years of human history help to explain why humans often oppose new technologies and why that pattern of opposition continues to this day. Calestous Juma, a professor of Harvard University, explores this phenomenon in his latest book, Innovation and Its Enemies: Why People Resist New Technologies.

Among Juma’s claims is that people do not fear innovation simply because the technology is new, but because innovation often means losing a piece of their identity or lifestyle, and separating people from nature or their sense of purpose—— two things that are fundamental to the human experience.

Juma identified in his research three key sources of opposition to innovation: those with commercial interests in existing products, those who identify with existing products, and those who might lose power as a result of change. The first group is perhaps the most obvious. Many industries have been disrupted by innovation. Just take a look at the pointless efforts of music publishers to stop the shift to digital music. Some consumers might oppose an innovation because the existing product is deeply rooted in their identity, culture or customs. Britons preferred tea time at home to sitting in a coffee shop, for example. Finally, the emergence of new technologies can also result in a shift in economic and political power, redistributing wealth and influence away from some groups, and toward others. The expansion of tractors ( 拖拉機) and other mechanical equipment reduced the need for farm labor, and the shift in population away from rural areas had significant political implications.

Humans make decisions about new innovations with their instinct rather than evidence. Opponents and enthusiasts of a new technology will often make shocking claims to support their arguments. Sometimes these claims are rooted in fact; other times they are not. People once claimed coffee could make you sterile (不育的). Juma said beneath those arguments was typically an instinctive fear of new technologies, rather than a reasoned response. “People react intuitively, and they collect the evidence to support what they’re doing,Juma said. “They see a new product and there is an emotional reaction to that product because it challenges their outlook on the world. This has been the story with almost every new product.”

Historically, technologists have been more concerned with the functionality of the products they create, paying less attention to the implications it may have on society at large, Juma contends. Fortunately, that may be starting to change.

1.What does the underlined phrase in paragraph 1 probable mean?

A.is in favour of

B.is full of

C.encourages

D.is held back

2.We can infer from the first two paragraphs that Juma’s book_____.

A.explores why history often repeats itself

B.focuses on the impact of technology on nature

C.analyzes the role of technology in social progress

D.researches the recurrence of a certain phenomenon

3.Which of the following statements is correct according to Paragraph 4?

A.A successful technological innovation can affect population flow.

B.British people have a strong sense of independence.

C.Opposition to innovation is mainly caused by loss of cultural identity.

D.Young people prefer digital music to traditional recordings.

4.In Juma’s opinion, people’s resistance to new technologies_____.

A.is a natural response

B.is not based on fact

C.arises from fear of challenges

D.reflects their prejudiced view of the world

5.It is implied in the last paragraph that technologists should give more consideration to_____.

A.the functionality of new products

B.the social usefulness of new products

C.the potential danger of new products

D.the social influence of new products

 

??? The moon may shine white above us most nights of the year, but how much do we know about Earth’s neighbor and what lies beneath its surface? Scientists are aiming to find out.

On Jan 3, 2019, China’s Change 4 spacecraft landed on the far side of the moon a first for humanity. It released a small probe(探測器),Yutu 2, or Jade Rabbit 2, which began to search beneath the moon’s surface using Lunar Penetrating Radar(探測雷達). These radio signals can reach 40 meters underground, three times the depth of the Chang’e 3 lunar probe launched in 2013 for the near side of the moon, China Daily reported.

In a study published in the journal Science Advances, researchers found that the lunar soil’s top layer on the far side of the moon was much thicker than expected ﹣ about 40 meters. Other scientists only expected about 6 millimeters of soil based on NASA observations during the Apollo moon landings, according to The New York Times.

“It’s a fine, dusty, sandy environment, said one of the authors of the study, Elena Pettinelli, a physics and mathematics professor at Rome Tre University, Rome.

Yutu 2 is specifically exploring the Von Karman crater(大坑),a large hole that’s 180kilometers wide and also the landing site of Chang’e 4. It’s part of an even larger, older crater spanning more than 1,770 kilometers.

“The subsurface at the Chang’e 4 landing site is very complex,” said Li Chunlai, a research professor and deputy director﹣general of National Astronomical Observatories of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Observations suggest that the subsurface material is totally different than the previous landing site of Chang’e 3, she said.

Radar waves revealed various layers beneath the moon’s surface: grainy( 顆粒狀的)material, boulders(巖石),and further layers of fine and coarse(粗糙的)particles. This information is helping scientists to gain new understanding of the moon’s history and formation, as well as volcanic activity and lunar impacts.

Yutu 2 is the longest﹣working rover(巡視器)on the moon, but it won’t last forever. China plans to launch the Chang’e 5 probe later this year, Xinhua News Agency reported. The spacecraft is expected to bring pieces of the moon back to Earth for closer study.

1.What can we learn about the Chang’e 4 probe?

A.It was the first to land on the moon’s near side.

B.It explored areas as wide as 1,770 kilometers.

C.Its signals could reach 40 meters beneath the moon’s surface.

D.It is three times as large as the Change 3 lunar probe.

2.What does the lunar soil’s top layer on the moon’s far side look like, according to the text?

A.It looks like a large hole.

B.It is about 6 millimeters thick.

C.It goes farther down than expected.

D.It is covered by boulders and fine and coarse particles.

3.According to the passage, why is the Chang’e 4 probe exploration is important?

A.It observed material beneath the moon’s surface which is helping scientists to know the moon better.

B.It has offered us relevant information on the near side of the moon.

C.It told scientists the landing site is very complex.

D.It revealed the surface material on the moon which is helpful to know the moon’s activity and impact.

4.What is the Chang’e 5 probe expected to do?

A.Explore the Von Karman crater.

B.Replace Yutu 2 to explore the moon.

C.Identify the moon’s various layers.

D.Bring lunar samples back to the Earth.

5.What is the text mainly about?

A.A history of Chinese lunar missions.

B.How Yutu 2 explored beneath the moon’s surface.

C.report on the Chang’e 4 probe’s findings.

D.A comparison of the Change 3 and 4 probes.

 

??? During the outbreak of novel coronavirus, cities are locked down and borders are closed. Science, on the contrary, is becoming more open. And this “open science” is already making a difference.

Soon after the epidemic started in China, a research team from Fudan University in Shanghai successfully sequenced(測定序列)the DNA of the virus. But they didn’t keep the information to themselves. Instead, they placed the sequences on GenBank, an open-access data platform, so researchers around the world could download them for free and start studying the virus.

Due to this openness, pharmaceutical(制藥的)companies across the globe are now able to work simultaneously to develop a vaccine. “There may be room for multiple different vaccines for different purposes and different age groups,”Amesh Adalja, a senior scholar at the Johns Hopkins University Center for Health Security in the US, told Al Jazeera.“The bigger menu we have of vaccines, the more resilient(有適應力的)well be against coronavirus outbreaks in the future. ”

Major drug companies around the world are also sharing their study results. Remdesivir, a drug originally developed by US company Gilead Sciences to treat Ebola, s found to be promising in fighting against the novel coronavirus. Currently, two trials of the drug are already underway in China, and the results might be available as soon as April, according to The Verge.

This openness in science is going to be even more crucial in the future. With climate change, increasing globalization, and population shifts, epidemics will not go away, and might even become more frequent, Dan Barouch, a Harvard Medical School professor, told Harvard Magazine.

He said, “No one group can do everything. It has to be a coordinated(合作的)approach. But I do think that the world has a greater sense of readiness this time to develop knowledge, drugs, and therapeutics(療法)very rapidly.

Every epidemic is indeed a crisis, but it can also be a learning opportunity. One redeeming(補償的)factor of the COVID﹣19 outbreak is that it is helping science adapt for the better.

1.What does the article mainly talk about?

A.Coordinated efforts to fight the epidemic.

B.The significance of openness and sharing of scientific knowledge.

C.Something positive we’ve learned from the epidemic.

D.What needs to be done to prevent future epidemics.

2.What is the positive effect of the research team from Fudan University placing the genetic sequence of the virus onto GenBank?

A.They alerted the world to the danger of the virus.

B.They helped remove people’s fear of the virus.

C.They invited collective efforts worldwide to develop a vaccine.

D.They showed the world how to produce a vaccine.

3.What does the underlined phrasework simultaneously” in paragraph 3 probably mean?

A.work at the same time.

B.work effectively

C.work continuously

D.work happily

4.What is the author’s purpose of mentioning remdesivir in the text?

A.To introduce a possible cure for the epidemic.

B.To prove that many drug companies readily share their discoveries.

C.To compare the treatment of Ebola and the novel coronavirus.

D.To show that the novel coronavirus will soon be contained.

5.Which of the following would Dan Barouch probably disagree with?

A.The increase in globalization may worsen future epidemics.

B.Epidemics will be less frequent thanks to scientific development.

C.No single group can fight against the epidemics independently.

D.The world is becoming better prepared to deal with epidemics.

 

Descriptions:

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We’re currently looking for a licensed personal trainer to write instructional contents for our

study guides. We need someone to create highquality work that will display their knowledge and experience in the field of personal training. Please review the qualifications below.

Education/Experience:

The applicant should have a background in personal training, as well as be licensed as a personal trainer.

Responsibilities:

-Should produce high quality, unique contents.

-Must respond quickly to customers’ advice, and make necessary edits to their work.

-Should work with our project managers to guarantee that their work meets specifications.

-Must provide weekly updates to show their progress. ???

Qualifications:

-Should have writing experience.

-Must pay attention to details and apply that attitude to writing.

-Should be very comfortable to work with computers, and have a good working knowledge of MS Word.

-Must respond well to constructive criticism.

1.What writing style does this passage belong to?

A.Fiction.

B.Advertisement.

C.Argumentation.

D.Poetry.

2.Why does the writer write in detail about their company in the first paragraph?

A.To persuade readers to take more examinations.

B.To make readers believe the company is legal.

C.To conclude that the company has overcome difficulty.

D.To make readers feel the company is great.

3.What does the underlined phrasecoupled within the first paragraph mean?

A.Combined with.

B.Concerned with.

C.Covered with.

D.Contrasted with.

4.What qualities should a person have to get the job?

A.The ability to solve the problems between him and the company.

B.Having a firstclass university degree and relevant work experience.

C.The ability to use computers and bargain with customers.

D.Having writing experience and the nice working habit.

5.What might the writer continue to write in the next paragraph?

A.How to attract testtakers.

B.How to make a good first impression.

C.How to get in touch with the company.

D.How to improve writing skills.

 

??? My father was born in a small town in the US. He wasn’t sure what he wanted from _______, but something told him to _______ and begin a new adventure. He began that adventure traveling to cities in the US before going on to Australia, New Zealand and the Philippines. He took my mother and us three daughters with him and went wherever the road _______ him.

It’s easy to feel _______ when you’re on the road. We made lots of new friends on our trip — most of them are mechanics, since we often _______ hours in repair shops. But that was a way much ?_______ than sitting by the roadside while waiting for the engine to _______ when it was 40 outside.

Getting along well sometimes seemed _______. There were always a lot of _______, especially among us back-seat passengers about who had to _______ in the middle. But even if it was hard, we learned a lot about _______. When we were traveling in the Philippines, we drove to Quezon City one day. It should have been an hour’s drive but was nearly three thanks to bad roads and _______ traffic. “Did you put our suitcases in the car?” my father asked my mother as we arrived there. From the back seat, we saw her slowly turn towards my father. “No,” she said. “I thought you did.” That was how a three-hour car trip turned into a nine-hour one, which was mostly spent in _______.

On occasions like that, we had to learn to let go of our anger because we were _______ in a rolling box with the same people for the rest of the _______. Even if I sometimes felt like opening the car door and _______ one of my sisters out, I kept my feelings to myself.

This is why road trips were like _______ universities to us. We _______ our PHDs in how to get along with other people just by traveling in our old car.

If we were _______ given a second chance at life, we would do it all over again. Only this time would I put the _______ in the car myself.

1.A.move B.belief C.experience D.life

2.A.get out B.struggle on C.live up D.walk around

3.A.drove B.took C.served D.controlled

4.A.anxious B.upset C.lonely D.helpless

5.A.wasted B.spent C.worked D.chatted

6.A.easier B.safer C.better D.cleverer

7.A.break down B.turn over C.clear up D.cool off

8.A.impossible B.alternative C.necessary D.available

9.A.discussions B.arguments C.embarrassments D.amusements

10.A.settle B.rest C.watch D.sit

11.A.tolerance B.sharing C.communication D.respect

12.A.light B.quick C.thick D.fast

13.A.sadness B.silence C.panic D.disappointment

14.A.buried B.crazy C.impatient D.stuck

15.A.journey B.holiday C.exploration D.march

16.A.dragging B.sending C.helping D.pushing

17.A.unusual B.common C.mobile D.free

18.A.expected B.earned C.missed D.valued

19.A.somewhere B.anyway C.anytime D.somehow

20.A.suitcases B.phones C.boxes D.books

 

So he told you you’d got the job?

_____,but he said they were impressed with me.

A.Not exactly B.Don’t mention it

C.Not a little D.Don’t say so

 

In the global economy, a new drug for cancer, ________? it is discovered, will create many economic possibilities around the world.

A.whatever B.whoever

C.wherever D.whichever

 

When he ______ the bill in the restaurant, he suddenly realized that he had left his wallet in the car.

A.paid B.would be paying

C.was to pay D.had paid

 

—The new machines have arrived and are being tested in the workshop.

—I’m glad we _____ them in the years ahead.

A.will be operating B.have been operating

C.would be operating D.had been operating

 

Their team _____first prize in the 4×100 relay race, but the last runner fell down half way.

A.could get B.must have got

C.must get D.could have got

 

While reading, try to develop a more _______ attitude, instead of accepting everything at face value.

A.realistic B.critical C.ambiguous D.casual

 

Hello. I’d like to have a talk with Mr. Smith staying in your hotel.

I’m sorry, he isn’t here. He ________ this morning.

A.checked in B.dropped in

C.checked out D.dropped out

 

_______by flowers and applause does not necessarily mean one is living a happy life.

A.Being accompanied B.Having accompanied

C.To be accompanied D.Accompanied

 

______ is surprising to us is that Tom, for ______ English was once boring, can speak English fluently as though he were a native speaker.

A.What; whom B.What; whose

C.It; whose D.As; whom

 

-Professor Li, how can my son develop his interest in literature?

You may first_____ him to classical literary works.

A.devote B.apply C.assign D.expose

 

--- Can you introduce me a high quality machine?

--- My pleasure. _______ well even on wet roads, this kind of car is very popular.

A.Handled B.To handle C.Handling D.Being handled

 

Only my cousin has chosen to apply for a job in Africa _______ the majority of this year’s graduates working in Britain.

A.in common with B.as well as

C.in contrast to D.by reason of

 

Each misfortune you come across will carry in???? the seed of tomorrow's good luck. So hang on until you succeed.

A.one B.some C.that D.it

 

Travel agencies claim they work in close______ with the local authorities to bring tourism back to its former glory.

A.reference B.company

C.sympathy D.cooperation

 

Now more and more people have realized the importance of health.

______. Nothing can be achieved without health.

A.I am afraid not. B.That’s all right.

C.I can’t agree more. D.You can’t serious.

 

假如你是李華,你們學校的英國交換生Jeff準備參加為外國人舉辦的比賽講中國成語比賽” (Chinese Idiom Story Competition),他發郵件請你幫忙。請你回復郵件,內容包括:

1. 熱心答應提供幫助;

2. 提供實用準備建議;

3. 詢問見面時間地點。

注意:

1. 詞數80左右;

2. 可適當增加細節,以使行文連貫。

Dear Jeff,

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Yours truly,

Li Hua

 

根據首字母或中文解釋寫出空缺處單詞的正確形式。

1.He lost his b__________ and fell down the stairs.

2.Learning a musical ___________ (樂器) introduces a child to an understanding of music.

3.The boat was totally at the mercy of the v__________ storm.

4.____________ (與……相反) to our expectation, he was defeated in the first round.

5.Do you believe that television may a_________ children’s behaviour?

6.Those desks will be _________ (稍微地) more expensive but they last a lot longer.

7.People are i__________ by China’s speed to build two hospitals just in a few days in Wuhan.

8.It has been _________ (確認) that the meeting will take place next week.

9.He celebrated the a_________ of the Chinese New Year with a grand party.

10.As a global language, football can bridge social, cultural, and _________ (宗教上的) divides.

 

閱讀下面材料,在空白處填入適當的內容(1個單詞)或括號內單詞的正確形式。

People say that the dog is man’s best friend, 1. goats are also very important. In fact, people 2. (keep) goats for thousands of years — longer than we have kept dogs.

Goats are useful to us 3. many different ways. We can cut the hair from goats and spin it into wool. We can make clothing from the wool. One kind of wool 4. (make) from goat hair is called cashmere. A cashmere sweater can be very expensive.

Goats also give milk, just like cows do! Did you know that 5. (many) people around the world drink goat’s milk than cow’s milk? Goat’s milk is easier for babies 6. (drink). We make delicious cheese, such as feta, from goat’s milk. Some people put goat’s milk on their skin, 7. can keep it soft.

8. large numbers of goats are kept, its meat is eaten instead of beef or pork. We also use goatskin to make 9. (glove) and boots. Goatskin leather is very soft.

10. everything that goats give to us, we can say that goats are our best friends.

 

??? Music is something I could never live without. Without music, I was _______ and would only talk when asked to. Music allowed me to _______ myself and be as loud as I wanted to. Singing my _______ out during choir class, auditioning (試演) for choir concert solos, and _______ the school play, I felt the most like myself. There was nothing that could keep me away from my_______, until high school.

Everyone who wanted to be in show choir auditioned for the _______, including me. In the audition room, there was a piano, notes and different lyrics _______ on the chalkboard. I hit every note, and the _______ was amazing. When my audition was over, I took a breath of _______. Weeks passed and the list of who had made it into show choir was ________. I found my ________. “Angelica H. –– alternate (候補者)”. After I saw this, my ________ disappeared. My outside showed I wasn’t sad, but on the inside, my whole world had ________.

A year passed, I was at a ________ that also held karaoke to the customers. My parents begged me to go up and ________. Finally, I got enough courage to ________ a song by Sam Smith and started off. While I hit the high notes, people eating ________ for me. I realized, I did not get into one program but that did not mean that I had to give up all ________. I still liked singing. The lesson learned was that if you are ________ or do not get what you want, and it is something you’re in ________ with, don’t give up.

1.A.calm B.mad C.nervous D.quiet

2.A.teach B.praise C.express D.help

3.A.heart B.brain C.mind D.head

4.A.looking forward to B.getting along with C.trying out for D.picking up

5.A.pride B.enthusiasm C.knowledge D.courage

6.A.program B.activity C.service D.job

7.A.suggested B.written C.translated D.recorded

8.A.play B.scene C.sound D.answer

9.A.relief B.concern C.anger D.sympathy

10.A.removed B.signed C.expected D.posted

11.A.signature B.mark C.name D.position

12.A.confidence B.curiosity C.pressure D.kindness

13.A.continued B.started C.crashed D.existed

14.A.theater B.park C.garden D.restaurant

15.A.eat B.dance C.sing D.drink

16.A.create B.compose C.play D.choose

17.A.cheered B.stopped C.struggled D.voted

18.A.efforts B.ideas C.knowledge D.hope

19.A.picked out B.brought up C.turned down D.left behind

20.A.connection B.love C.touch D.common

 

??? Eating healthy isn’t always easy, but committing to a healthy diet can be the smartest decision you ever make. Why? Not only can eating well make you look and feel better, it can also save you money. 1.

Productivity can be increased. Like a car, your brain needs quality fuel to run efficiently. As one will experience increased focus shortly after improving their diet with nutritious foods and supplements, a higher working productivity is usually the outcome.

It benefits finance. If your employer provides health coverage discounts, count your blessings! You can save a considerable amount of money through them. 2. By simply switching to a healthier diet and dropping a few pounds before you apply could significantly lower your costs.

3. What you eat has an impact on your brain, including the parts that regulate mood. Maintaining stable blood sugar through regular, proper nutrition will help you feel better overall on most days. Foods rich in vitamins and minerals, seeds and fresh vegetables for instance, are associated with a lower risk of depression, as are foods rich in omega-3 fats.

You can control your weight better. More than half of the Americans are overweight or obese, and obesity contributes to 1 in 5 American deaths. Simple healthy choices such as replacing soda with water, choosing vegetables instead of chips, and ordering a side salad in place of French fries will not only help you lose weight, it also can help you save money. 4.

A relatively longer life is expected. The same diseases that make you feel bad and cost a lot of money may also decrease your life expectancy. Many studies show a healthier diet relatively leads to a longer life.

Your body is your temple and you are housed in it, so treat it nicely to whole nutrient foods that are good for it. 5.

A.A better mood is made possible.

B.It will prevent you from getting sick.

C.In return your body will serve you better.

D.There is no reason not to eat a healthy diet.

E.Here are several top reasons to turn to a healthier diet.

F.Besides, life insurance cost is partly based on how healthy you are.

G.A normal-weight person can save some $3,000 per year on health care.

 

??? When you purchase fresh-cut flowers, do you think about where they came from? It might make sense to think they were grown somewhere nearby. The reality, though, is that the cut flower trade is increasingly international. Today, thanks to airplanes and high-tech cooling systems, even the most delicate flower can be exported, and sold in a florist thousands of kilometers away from where it was grown.

The country that dominates the world cut flower trade is the Netherlands. It handles about 60 percent of the world’s cut flowers. The Netherlands is also a world leader in developing new flower varieties. Dutch companies and the government invest a considerable amount of money in flower research. Their scientists look for ways to lengthen a flower’s vase life, to strengthen flowers to prevent them from being damaged while traveling, and also to strengthen the natural fragrance of the flowers.

Despite the Netherlands’ dominance of the flower market, there are many places with a better climate for growing flowers, and the climate of Ecuador is almost perfect. Mauricio Davalos is the man responsible for starting Ecuador’s flower industry. “Our biggest edge is nature,” he claims. “Our roses are the best in the world.” Every year, Ecuador sells about 500 million flowers to the U.S. alone. The industry has brought employment op portunities and a stronger economy to regions of the country. “My family has TV now. There are radios,” says Yolanda Quishpe, 20, who picked roses for four years.

To others, the increasingly international nature of the flower trade is very bad news. In recent years, local growers in the U.S. faced huge competition from international flower companies, and many lost their businesses, Lina Hale, an independent rose grower in California, said her father had predicted the situation. “I see a freight train coming down the track,” he warned her, “and it’s coming straight towards us.”

1.What is the main idea of the first paragraph?

A.Cut flowers can survive a long trip. B.You should buy flowers from local florists.

C.Flowers you buy come from far away places. D.Few thinks about where they buy your flowers.

2.Which of the following are mentioned as large investors in flower research?

A.Dutch companies and the government B.airplane and high-tech cooling companies

C.Ecuador’s local flower growers and pickers D.American businessmen and their government

3.The underlined word in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to _________.

A.end B.advantage

C.challenge D.difference

4.What did Lina Hale’s father mean when he said, “I see a freight train coming down the track and it’s coming straight toward us.”?

A.He could predict a train was soon to arrive.

B.He knew his business would be threatened.

C.He thought customers wouldn’t want roses.

D.He thought trains were the new way to move flowers.

 

??? We know it’s good to learn another language. It opens doors, makes you more employable, helps you make new friends, and it’s fun too. But to improve our language skills, many of us have to endure hours of school lessons or evening classes, with our heads buried in textbooks. It’s no wonder that technology appears to be providing a better and more accessible way of learning.

There is certainly a huge demand for language learning, and having a smart phone means you can have a virtual teacher with you wherever you go. Many app developers are keen to earn money on the demand, and there are numerous learning apps available.

Some educational apps offer languages not popular enough to be taught at evening classes, or at most universities. And others offer “invented” language courses in Esperanto, Elvish and Star Trek’s Klingon –– lessons you might not find in a traditional classroom. Whatever you want to learn, apps allow you to go at your own pace and fit learning around other commitments. But they’re not perfect –– you might not get your head round the grammar and will lack the partner support you could get in a classroom environment.

So, does technology imply the end of traditional classrooms and teachers? Guy Baron, head of modern languages at Aberystwyth University, thinks not. He thought that apps should be used alongside classroom methods, not to the exclude traditional teaching. And he adds: “The apps are not formal... they’re not designed for degrees, but they could be additional resources.”

Certainly, technology is going to help in and outside the classroom. But attending a real lesson, facing a real teacher, probably forces you to be more devoted. Motivation can be a problem when using an app. But if you have a genuine and practical reason to learn another language, you will no doubt stick with it.

1.All the following are the benefits of learning another language except _______________.

A.saving you more money

B.giving you much pleasure

C.helping you in making new friends

D.making you more competitive in finding jobs

2.It can be learned from paragraph 3 that _______________.

A.apps permit you to learn at your own pace

B.languages taught on apps are common ones

C.you can learn any language on educational apps

D.you don’t need partner support while learning on apps

3.According to the author, using an app _______________.

A.can make you stick with it

B.shouldn’t be considered at all

C.fails to make you more devoted

D.will offer you a strong motivation

 

??? In 1945, there was a young boy of 14 in a concentration camp (集中營). He was tall, thin but had a bright smile. Every day, a young girl came by on the other side of the fence. She noticed the boy and asked him if he spoke Polish, and he said yes. She said he’d looked hungry, and he said he was. She then reached in her pocket and gave him her apple. He thanked her and she went on her way. The next day, she came by again, bringing with her another apple which she gave him. Each day, she walked by the outside of the fence, hoping to see him, and when she did, she happily handed him an apple in exchange for conversation.

One day, he told her not to come by anymore. He told her he was being shipped to another concentration camp. As he walked away with tears streaming down his face, he wondered if he’d ever see her again. She was the only kind soul he’d seen acro ss the fence.

He made it out of the concentration camp, and immigrated to America. In 1957, his friends had fixed him up on a blind date . He had no idea who the woman was. He picked her up, and during dinner began talking of Poland and the concentration camp. She said she was in Poland at that tim e. She said she used to talk to a boy and gave him apples daily. He asked if this boy was tall, skinny and if he had told her that she shouldn’t come back because he was leaving. She said yes.

It was her, the young girl who came by every day to give him apples. After 12 years, after the war and in another country, they had met again. What are the odds? He proposed to her on that very night and told her he’d never again let her go. They are still happily married today.

1.Why did the girl give the boy her apples?

A.Because the boy asked for it.

B.Because the boy was hungry.

C.Because both of them were Polish.

D.Because the girl wanted to talk with the boy.

2.Which of the following word can be used to describe the young girl best?

A.Far-sighted B.Simple-minded

C.Kind D.Generous

3.What is the best title for the passage?

A.A special marriage

B.An unexpected gift

C.A pleasant memory

D.A lovely coincidence

 

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